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Medical Education: Critical Thinking, Effective Techniques, Cross Cultural Considerations

Health care education in a global setting requires contextualization to be most effective. Global educators should consider and adapt their pedagogic methods to the culture of their learners. This session will discuss the importance of critical thinking skills, including practical techniques which can be used to teach these skills within cross-cultural settings, and ways the global education arena can serve as a mission field. Panel members will present their real life experiences teaching critical thinking skills in a global setting. Moderator: Phil Fischer, MD Speakers: (1) Sub-Session Title: What is Critical Thinking? Why is it Important? Sub-Session Speaker Name: Mary E. Hermiz, Ed.D. Sub-Session speaker Contact Email: mary.hermiz@gmail.com Sub-Session Objectives Participants will be able to: Define critical thinking in health care Discuss the characteristics of a critical thinker Discuss why critical thinking is important in health care Sub-Session Abstract This session will discuss a few definitions of critical thinking including the definition and critical thinking indicators put forth by a panel of 65 nurses. Reasons as to why critical thinking is important in health care will be discussed. Sub-Session Action Points Identify critical thinking indicators that you habitually use. Think about ways you can strengthen those indicators difficult for you to use. 2) Sub-Session Title: Teaching Critical Thinking Cross-culturally: Commonly Encountered Challenges Sub-Session Speaker Name: Laura Smelter, MD Sub-Session Speaker Contact Email: laura@healthservicecorps.org Sub-Session Objectives • Discuss potential etiologies for challenges in teaching critical thinking in cross cultural contexts. • Present commonly encountered challenges to teaching critical thinking in cross-cultural contexts. • Understand ways to identify and classify critical thinking challenges as they present in the cross-cultural teaching environment. Sub-Session Abstract This session will discuss factors associated with cross-cultural challenges to teaching critical thinking, then describe common challenges and how to recognize them to apply effective teaching strategies. Sub-Session Action Points Consider the potential etiologies for commonly encountered challenges in teaching critical thinking in cross cultural contexts. Think about how you will identify and classify critical thinking challenges encountered in the cross-cultural teaching environment so that you can begin to address them. 3) Sub-Session Title We Can Teach Critical Thinking in a Cross-Cultural Setting Sub-Session Speaker Name James D. Smith, MD Sub-Session Speaker Contact Email Jamesd.smith@yahoo.com Sub-Session Objectives Participants will be able to teach critical thinking skills in a global setting including groups where English is not the audience’s first language or when using an interpreter. Sub-Session Abstract Teaching critical thinking in a cross-cultural setting will require adapting critical thinking skills to the local educational culture. This session will discuss the skills needed, present two examples how this might be done and adaptations necessary to do this where English is not the first language or when using an interpreter. Sub-Session Action Points What is critical thinking and what steps can you take to incorporate this training in a cross-cultural setting?

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